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On Holy Ground: Church and Mass Etiquette was written out of my love of the Mass and concern that it should be consistently celebrated in a worthy manner, and without innovation. It seems to me that over the years, we have lost a sense of the sacred. Catholic churches are not always recognized as “Holy Ground”; a place where God dwells and lovingly reaches out to us from the tabernacle. It is my sincere desire that the publication of On Holy Ground: Church and Mass Etiquette will help develop a new awareness of the sacredness of the space and the wonder and grandeur of the Mass.  

272 pages $17.95


Victor R. Claveau, MJ

The Evangelization Station

12215 Meadowbrook Lane

Hudson, Florida 34667 

Please contact us at (727) 819-0007 if you have questions.


Table of Contents




The Old Testament Sabbath

Worship in the Old Testament

Change of the Day from the Seventh to the First!

Sunday and its Observance as a Day of Rest

Dies Domini, The Lord’s Day

Early Christian Worship  

Not All Pray the Mass at Mass

Sanctity of God’s House

Active Participation

What is the Mass?

Mass and the Bible – The Clean Oblation.

Sacrifice and the Apostolic Fathers


Preparing for Mass

Eucharistic Fast

Rules of Fasting and Abstinence

Proper Attire

Why Women Cover their Heads in Church?

Mothers Breastfeeding During Mass

Entering the Church

Be on Time for Mass



Liturgical Dance

Holy Water

Sign of the Cross

Genuflecting Before the Blessed Sacrament

Standing to Begin Mass

Profession of Faith

Beating the Breast


Folding your Hands

Preparation of the Gifts


Kneeling for the Eucharistic Prayer

Praying the Our Father

Holding Hands While Praying the Our Father

Praying with Arms Outstretched

Sign of Peace

Agnus Dei - Lamb of God

Preparation to Receive the Sacrament

Sanctifying Grace

Confession Prior to Receiving Holy Communion

Worthiness to Receive Holy Communion - General Principles

Exclusion of the Unworthy from Communion

Elevation of the Host

Adoration of the Eucharist

Communion Under One Species

Walking up to receive Holy Communion

Kneeling to Receive Holy Communion

Receiving Communion on the Tongue

Fervent Reception of Holy Communion

Posture of the Faithful After Communion

How Long Does Communion Last?

Blessings by Extraordinary Ministers of Holy Communion

Blessing of People Who Cannot Receive Holy Communion

Thanksgiving After Communion

Final Blessing


Mass Intentions


Appendix I: Creeds of the Catholic Church

Appendix II: Affirmation of Personal Faith

Appendix III: Order of the Mass

Appendix IV: Ministers at Mass

Appendix V: Items Used During Mass

Appendix VI: Holy Days of Obligation

Appendix VII: Perpetual Adoration

Appendix VIII: Glossary

Book review and recommendations:

BOOK REVIEW: On Holy Ground: Church and Mass Etiquette

by Mary Ann Kreitzer, President, Les Femmes - The Women of Truth.

Human nature is such that activities we repeat tend to become routine. The one who does something the first time with attention and diligence, is apt to do it casually and carelessly after dozens of repetitions. If the activity is trivial, casual performance doesn’t much matter; but when it has cosmic significance like the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass, indifference and carelessness toward the sacred mysteries are tragic.  Such slovenly participation at Mass is, unfortunately, common. And so I began Victor Claveau’s book On Holy Ground: Church and Mass Etiquette, with eager anticipation hoping to find a tool to encourage more respectful attention at Mass. I wasn’t disappointed.

Claveau  has written a little gem to call the Catholic heart to a renewed understanding and appreciation of the Mass, particularly the Sunday communal celebration. The book provides a wealth of historical information including the shift in days from the Jewish Saturday Sabbath to Sunday, the development of the liturgy from the first century, and the importance of keeping the Lord’s Day holy. He also focuses on the elements of the Mass and the etiquette of properly preparing and celebrating. He does it all in an engaging way interspersing quotations from Scripture, the apostles, the early fathers of the Church, and Church documents. Sound dry? It’s not. No one who reads this book can ever again take for granted the central mystery of our faith, the Holy Eucharist.

From the first page of the book I was fascinated by the description of the historical development of the Mass. Unlike Protestants, Catholics are not merely “people of the book.” We have a rich tradition that predates the Bible and it is clearly evident here.  Claveau begins by explaining how different Jesus’ approach was to keeping the third commandment given to Moses, “Remember to keep holy the Lord’s Day.” He gives examples of the draconian rules and regulations for Sabbath observance imposed by the Scribes and Pharisees and describes Jesus’ radical departure emphasizing that “The Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath.” Claveau writes:

'Like everything else He touched, Jesus put this law into its true position and light. He rescued it from the hands of the Scribes and Pharisees and showed it as God would have us esteem it…. He exercised his Lordship, not only by reclaiming it from Jewish traditions under which it lay smothered and distorted, but by showing us in his life how we should regard the day—with what works of love and mercy we should occupy its sacred hours.' 


The first third of the book is a walk through the early Church, learning how the Mass developed following Pentecost. The last two thirds could be described as “everything you ever wanted to know about properly participating at Mass.” Claveau examines the terms we use such as transubstantiation  explaining that, “In 1215, the Fourth Lateran Council consecrated the word ‘transubstantiation’ as expressing correctly the Christian doctrine of Christ’s real presence by conversion of the substance of bread into the substance of Christ’s body…. Transubstantiation means the substance part of the bread and wine elements changes; but the accidental parts—sight, taste, smell, touch—do not.”

Claveau describes the etiquette of proper celebration of the Mass from how to prepare, to appropriate attire, to why Catholics genuflect before the Blessed Sacrament, to the use of sacramentals like holy water, incense, the sign of peace, and the sign of the cross. He also explains the different elements of the liturgy: the profession of faith, the preparation of the gifts, the Eucharistic prayer, etc. If you’ve ever had a question about the Mass, you are likely to find the answer here clearly and succinctly explained.

Interspersed in the book are short and fascinating vignettes. For example, Claveau describes the persecution under Diocletian (4th century) of a group of 49 Christians who illegally participated at the Mass. The account taken from the Acts of the Martyrs of Abitene gives the testimony of the Christians including that of a young boy named Hilarian. When asked if he was at the Mass and why he attended the child replied, “Because I am a Christian, that is reason enough. No one made me go. I went freely with my father and brothers, and I took my part as a Christian.” He died along with all the adults none of whom recanted his faith even in the face of a grim death. In this age that is so bereft of true heroes, what a wonderful example of courage to present to young people!

Another intriguing story is one told by a priest, Fr. Llorente, S.J.  He repeats an experience shared by a fellow priest. After closing and locking the church on Christmas Eve after the midnight Mass, the priest returned the next morning to find many people poorly dressed filling the pews praying in total silence. When he asked how they got in, a woman replied, “Strange things happen on the night of Christmas.” The priest checked the doors which were locked and when he returned, the church was empty. He asked Fr. Llorente for his opinion about what he had experienced. This is what the priest writes:


‘My explanation was and still is as follows: Those were dead people who were doing their purgatory, or part of it, in the church. It is safe to assume that we atone for our sins where we committed them. Those people were immersed in total silence. Why? Consider the irreverence committed before the Blessed Sacrament; how many people act out in church: chatting, giggling, and looking around. After Mass some people gather in small groups around the pews and turn the church into a market place with no regard for Christ’s Real Presence in the tabernacle. Why did they vanish? They did not, they simply became invisible; but they remained tied to their pews unable to utter one single word to atone for their disrespectful chatter while living.’ 


This story addresses one of my pet peeves, i.e., treating the church like a social hall before and after Mass. Claveau explains the reason for silence during parts of the liturgy, but what he says could equally apply to an attitude of reverent silence before and after Mass:


‘Let there be silence in your soul. Do your best not to be distracted, or allow yourself to daydream. We must forget about ourselves and think only of Jesus in the Mass. He will take care of us as He is active in us. We just have to let Him act; to let Him change us into the person He desires us to be. If we want to become one with Him, we must join our heart with His, so that they will beat in unison, one for the other, and One in the other. He will love us and we will love Him; He will look at us and we will look at Him. In Him we will find are heart’s desires; in Him we will find a life of intimate union if only we remember to be still and know that He is God.’ 


Silence before Mass offers a time of preparation to participate well in the Eucharist. Silence after Mass offers a time for thanksgiving.

There are several particularly useful elements of Claveau’s book. The table of contents is divided in such a way to make it easy to quickly search for a particular issue. Do you want to read about proper reception of the Eucharist, how to make a good thanksgiving, or the rules for fast and abstinence? Have you wondered about tithing or perpetual adoration? You can find answers easily by referring to the contents. A glossary in the back offers a list of common terms that is also helpful.

At 272 pages the book offers a useful guide and handbook that would be appropriate for RCIA (Rite of Christian Initiation for Adults), candidates, middle and high school religious education, or for anyone interested in understanding the Mass better but looking for a simple and easy-to-read guide. On Holy Ground: Church and Mass Etiquette fills a real need in an age where Catholic ignorance about the Mass is epidemic. I plan to give it as a gift to my children, godchildren, and friends. Our greatest gift from God is His Real Presence in the Eucharist. We have a duty to prepare ourselves to hear Mass well. This treasure of a book offers a true guide to a closer walk with the Lord through properly celebrating the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass. 

- Mary Ann Kreitzer, President, Les Femmes - The Women of Truth.

Recommending On Holy Ground, in The Catholic Response Magazine, Fr. Peter M. J. Stravinskas says: "The author should be familiar to regular readers of TCR since his material has appeared here several times over the years. It is a sad day that sees the publication of a book to tell people how to behave in church, but that day has surely arrived and we need to be grateful to Mr. Claveau for addressing the need. This is no "prissy" guide to Catholic manners; rather, it explains what needs to be done, in light of what we Catholics believe about the Mysteries being celebrated. This should be part of the care package given to RCIA candidates and read as a refresher course for cradle Catholics."

  “Victor R. Claveau, MJ has written an impressive and important work that will assist Catholics to restore the sense of reverence for the offering of the Holy Sacrifice that is lacking in too many parishes. It constitutes a complete vade mecum (ready reference) for understanding the meaning of the Mass in all its parts, and does so with the aid of the writings of the great theologian/liturgist Romano Guardini, the Fathers of the Church, and directives of the Magisterium. It presents with great clarity the proper Catholic etiquette of the laity at Mass involving the proper inner disposition required and their posture and gestures as prescribed in liturgical regulations and rubrics. This book will help eliminate liturgical confusion in parishes and is highly recommended not only for lay men and women but also for priests who will be encouraged to celebrate Holy Mass without innovation or questionable creativity.”

-    James Likoudis - Author and President emeritus, Catholics United for the Faith (CUF)   

“After long years of decrying “the disintegration of the liturgy” as a major contributing factor to the crisis in the Church, Pope Benedict XVI wasted no time in putting a liturgical restoration at the centre of his papacy. Moreover, he insists that Western civilisation itself depends on this revival. For not only is the precise form and conduct of divine worship essential to a healthy, robust Catholicism, Benedict rightly states that law and ethics do not hold together when they are not anchored in the liturgical centre and inspired by it.  

“The stakes, in other words, could not be higher! Hence the zeal and attention to detail which imbues On Holy Ground: Church and Mass Etiquette. Clearly a labour of love, Victor Claveau applies himself to assisting the Benedictine liturgical restoration with all the urgency and passion of a first century apostle who, like the Pope, understands the pivotal role of the liturgy in God’s salvific plan. ‘There is a thought that needs to be brought home to Americans today,’ he states at the outset, ‘- God governs the affairs of men.  ... But - to have God's help we must pay some attention to Him. ... Worship, or paying attention to God, is one of the things that belong to God. ‘Render… to God the things that are God’s’ (Lk 20:25).’ So begins the wholesale re-education of his target audience: the post-conciliar faithful abandoned to liturgical anarchy in our sanctuaries and pews. The early chapters, a summary of the biblical roots of Christian worship and the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass, will surely open these corrupted hearts and minds to the selfless liturgical precision demanded by our loving God over and against the self-serving ‘do-it-yourself liturgies’ (DIY) of the day. Worth the price of the book alone, this concise and illuminating biblical history is the crucial foundation of Claveau’s systematic explanation of the Mass, its conduct and associated ‘etiquette.’ The gravity of the Third Commandment, doctrines, words, gestures, symbols, dress, comportment, preparation, rubrics, customs, disciplines, sacramentals, and much more are all explained with admirable simplicity and brevity - and no punches pulled!  

“Correcting the myriad distortions in liturgical practice, understanding and attitude accrued over four decades of Modernistic hubris and sacrilege - errors entrenched in countless parishes worldwide - is a holy and vital task. To that end, On Holy Ground is not only a superb tool for evangelising the liturgically ignorant and misled, but also a liberating journey home to the  Faith of our Fathers: to a Church of obedience, beauty, unity and peace.

    -  Rod Pead, Editor, Christian Order, London

Victor Claveau has produced a work whose usefulness cannot be overstated. As one who travels extensively, I have the blessing – and, at times, the discomfort – of participating in the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass celebrated in so many disparate forms that what is experienced is sometimes hard to identify as a “Catholic Mass.” The variances touch upon virtually every issue raised in Holy Ground. While the author correctly points out that we are not a people of rigidity in our expressions of worship toward God, he also rightly brings our attention back to the importance of the essential elements of authentic worship and why Almighty God is worthy of our worship. Scripture reveals that when God’s people worship Him from their hearts, He acts powerfully on their behalf. Given the direction of our culture and the world around us, now would seem to be a very apt time for us to rediscover what it means to worship God from our hearts. Hopefully, On Holy Ground will be the necessary catalyst for an informed and responsible return to proper liturgical devotion. I most strongly recommend that it be read by all.

   Jerry J. Usher, President, Third Millennium Media, LLC



Copyright © 2004 Victor Claveau. All Rights Reserved