Advocate - a role signifying
Mary's special power of intercession. This term is first mentioned by St.
Irenaeus of Lyons in Adversus Haerses - "that the Virgin Mary should become the
advocate of the virgin Eve."
St. Anne - mother of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
Annunciation - the announcement from the Archangel St. Gabriel to Mary
that she would be the Mother of the Redeemer and Savior (Jesus Christ).
Apocrypha - writings that are not considered the "Word of God" and
therefore are not part of the official canon of the Bible.
Apparitions - appearances by the Blessed Virgin Mary on earth to one or
Christians after her assumption into Heaven.
Assumption - The entrance of Mary's body and soul into heaven. This is
not to be confused with the Ascension of Christ.
Ave Maria - "Hail Mary."
Christokos - Christ-bearer.
Co-Redemptrix - this term originated in the 14th century. It refers to
Mary's cooperation in the redemption of mankind by consenting to give birth to
the Messiah. This is an indirect, remote cooperation as opposed to her Son's
direct redemption. It certainly does not diminish Christ's salvation of the
Cult - this term is used in the positive sense as in devotion towards.
Dormition - the falling asleep of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Since Mary
was without Original Sin, she did not deserve death. The Church has never
stated that Mary "died" in the traditional sense, but that her "earthly life
Ephesus - an ancient city in Asia Minor (now Turkey) where St. John the
Apostle and the Blessed Virgin Mary allegedly lived.
Feast - a day set aside to honor a saint or an event in the life of the
Blessed Virgin Mary or Jesus Christ.
Fiat - literally "Let it be done."
Hyperdulia - special honor given to the Blessed Virgin Mary as opposed to
the honor given to the saints (dulia) and to the higher honor and adoration
given to God Himself (latria).
Icon - an image of the Blessed Virgin Mary, a saint or Jesus Christ
painted on wood or some other material. Generally, icons are within the Eastern
Immaculate Conception - the doctrine stating that the Blessed Virgin Mary
conceived without the stain of Original Sin.
Immaculate Heart of Mary - a devotion to the spotless, sinless heart of
the Blessed Virgin Mary.
Immanuel (Emmanuel) - the personal name of the Messiah (Isaiah 7:14).
Incarnation - the act of God Himself coming down to earth in the form of
a human being (Jesus Christ), born of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
Intercession - Mary's willingness to intercede on our behalf to her Son,
St. Joseph - foster father of our Lord, Jesus Christ and husband of Mary.
St. Joachim - father of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
The Magnificat - the hymn of Mary in Luke 1:46-55.
Marian - of or relating to the Blessed Virgin Mary.
Marian Confraternities - religious associations of lay people whose
members practice a special form of public devotion.
Marian Congresses - public assemblies of clergy and/or laity for the
study of topics related to the Blessed Virgin Mary.
Mariology - the study of the Blessed Virgin Mary in relation to
Christology (the study of Jesus Christ).
Mediatrix - a title given to the Blessed Virgin Mary as she occupies a
"middle" position between Jesus Christ and His creatures, because, together with
Christ and under Him, she cooperated in the reconciliation of God and mankind
when she was here on earth and because she distributes the graces that God
bestows on His children.
Miraculous Medal - a medal commissioned by the Blessed Virgin Mary in
1830 to have minted by St. Catherine Laboure.
Mother of God - title given officially to the Blessed Virgin Mary at the
Ephesus in 431 A.D.
New (or Second) Eve - a title given to the Blessed Virgin Mary as the
second Eve just as Christ is the new Adam (Ephesians 4:24; Romans 5:17-19; 1
Novena - a public or private prayer of nine days for some special
occasion or intention.
Perpetual Virginity - the belief that Mary was a virgin before the birth
of Christ, during the birth of Christ and after the birth of Christ.
Queen - a title given to Mary by Tradition since the 4th century. As
Jesus Christ is king, His Mother is Queen Mother.
Rosary - a set of prayer beads which are generally composed of the
prayers - "Hail Mary," the "Lord's Prayer" and the "Doxology." Meditation on
the mysteries of Christianity are to be observed during these prayers.
Sabbatine Privilege - refers to the pious belief that those who (1) wear
the scapular of Our Lady of Mount Carmel, (2) observe chastity according to
their state of life, and (3) daily recite the Little Office of the Blessed
Virgin Mary or abstain from meat on Wednesdays and Saturdays or faithfully
observe some other similar work will be aided "by Mary's unceasing intercession,
devout pleadings, merits, and special protection - especially on Saturday, the
day dedicated to the Holy Virgin."
Salve Regina - the best-known Western anthem to the Blessed Virgin Mary -
"Hail Holy Queen."
Scapular - a special piece of cloth generally connected by a piece of
string or a habit worn by Christians dedicated to Mary.
Shrine - a special place dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary, Jesus
Christ or some other saint.
Sub Tuum - "We fly to your patronage." The oldest petition to the
Mary found on papyrus in the 3rd century A.D. in Egypt.
Theotokos - Mother of God, God-bearer.
Virginal Conception and Birth - the belief that Mary conceived Jesus
Christ and gave birth to Him without having "known man."