The Evangelization Station

Best Catholic Links

Search this Site




Mailing List

Pray for Pope Francis

Scroll down for topics

100+ Important Documents in United States History


Apostolic Fathers of the Church

Articles Worth Your Time

 Biographies & Writings of Notable Catholics

Catholic Apologetics

Catholic Calendar

Catholic News Commentary by Michael Voris, S.T.B.

Catholic Perspectives

Catholic Social Teaching


Church Around the World

Small animated flag of The Holy See (State of the Vatican City) graphic for a white background

Church Contacts

  Church Documents

Church History

Church Law

Church Teaching


Doctors of the Church



(Death, Heaven, Purgatory, Hell)

Essays on Science


Fathers of the Church

Free Catholic Pamphlets

 Heresies and Falsehoods

How to Vote Catholic

Let There Be Light

Q & A on the Catholic Faith

Links to Churches and Religions

Links to Newspapers, Radio and Television

Links to Recommended Sites

Links to Specialized Agencies

Links to specialized Catholic News services


General Instruction of the Roman Missal


Marriage & the Family

Modern Martyrs

Mexican Martyrdom

Moral Theology


Pope John Paul II's

Theology of the Body

Movie Reviews (USCCB)

New Age


Parish Bulletin Inserts

Political Issues

Prayer and Devotions



Hope after Abortion

Project Rachel


Help & Information for Men


Rite of Christian Initiation for Adults




The Golden Legend


Vocation Links & Articles


What the Cardinals believe...

World Religions

Pope John Paul II

In Memoriam

John Paul II


Pope Benedict XVI

In Celebration

Visits to this site


After a prolonged and protracted struggle which frequently involved the use of military force and resulted in civil war in many areas of the empire, Arianism disappeared, at least formally, from the intellectual scene of the age, and Nestorius of Constantinople taught, apparently in an attempt to rectify the damage done by the Arian schisms, that in Christ there really ARE two natures. All well and good, so far. Unfortunately, he also predicated that conclusion upon another statement, that there were also two PERSONS, one human, one divine. Mary, therefore, cannot be called the Mother of God (Theotokos), he said, because she was only the mother of the human person, not the divine one. In only a century after Nicaea, it became necessary to call another council to deal with the new threat to unity. The bishops once again met in Ephesus in 431 and condemned this doctrine as heretical as well, and proclaimed Mary to be the Theotokos, the true Mother of God, not so much in veneration of Mary, but to uphold the singleness of the personhood of Jesus Christ. One person, divine AND human, at one and the same time.

There was much less violence this time, though many Syrians refused to accept the decision, even though Ephesus lay within the confines of the province of Syria at the time, and they fled to the Persian Empire, the ancient and persistent enemy of the Roman Empire from time immemorial, fleeing ever eastward until they had built solid communities as far east as Khitai and the Hidden Islands. As late as the 13th century they held powerful and valued positions in the court of the Great Khan, and Nestorian communities exist to this very day. There are several Nestorian communities extant in the United States even now.

Most of the Nestorians, however, returned to the Church in Eastern Syria and, in time with changes that occurred naturally over a church ever more widely scattered, developed into what is now known as the Chaldaean Rite of the Catholic Church. Their chief bishop, who is known as the Patriarch of Babylon, still lives at Mosul in Iraq. They number about 195,000 at last counting, with a few thousand in the United States. There is a small parish in Chicago, and another in Detroit.

Many of the Nestorian churches which were established in India also returned to the Catholic Church in the 16th century, as a result of the diligent efforts of the Jesuits under the Portuguese expansion following Prince Henry the Navigator and Vasco da Gama's circumnavigation of the Cape, and forms today what is known as the Syro-Malabar Rite, somewhat latinized, but lately, under the urging of Pope John II, revising their liturgies and spiritual practices to conform more closely to their more ancient and more classical customs as they existed prior to latinization. The chief Prelate of the Syro-Malabarese is the Archbishop of Ernakulam, are well over a million in number in India currently and growing rapidly. Rapidly enough in fact, to have become the target of official governmental repression in law and in practice, and rapidly enough to have generated some very angry Roman Rite letters to Rome complaining about their success in what some Indian Roman Rite Catholics bishops have come to view for some reason as their sole purview. There is no official representation of the Syro-Malabarese in America that I know of, though I know of quite a few individuals who, having no parishes or ecclesiastical jurisdiction of their own, quite naturally attend another rite wherever they find themselves.

Courtesy of Catholic Information Network (CIN)



Copyright 2004 Victor Claveau. All Rights Reserved