Catholic Bibles contain seven more Old Testament (46) books than Protestant
Bibles (39). Catholics refer to these seven books as the “deuterocanon” (second
canon), while Protestants refer to them as “apocrypha,” a term used pejoratively
to describe non-canonical books. Protestants also have shorter versions of
Daniel and Esther. Why are there differences?
Catholic Bibles contain all the books that have been traditionally accepted by
Christians since Jesus’ time. Protestant Bibles contain all those books, except
those rejected by the Protestant Reformers in the 1500’s. The chief reason
Protestants rejected these biblical books was because they did not support
Protestant doctrines, for example, 2 Maccabees (12:44) supports prayer for the dead.
Sirach, supports the Doctrine of free will (15:11-20), and
Tobit demonstrates the efficacy of good works (4:10) The
term “canon” means rule or guideline, and in this context means “which books
belong in the Bible (and, by implication, which do not).”