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Guam

Map of Guam
Introduction
Background: Guam was ceded to the US by Spain in 1898. Captured by the Japanese in 1941, it was retaken by the US three years later. The military installation on the island is one of the most strategically important US bases in the Pacific.
 
Geography
Location: Oceania, island in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines
 
Geographic coordinates: 13 28 N, 144 47 E
 
Map references: Oceania
 
Area: total: 549 sq km
land: 549 sq km
water: 0 sq km
 
Area - comparative: three times the size of Washington, DC
 
Land boundaries: 0 km
 
Coastline: 125.5 km
 
Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
 
Climate: tropical marine; generally warm and humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season from January to June, rainy season from July to December; little seasonal temperature variation
 
Terrain: volcanic origin, surrounded by coral reefs; relatively flat coralline limestone plateau (source of most fresh water), with steep coastal cliffs and narrow coastal plains in north, low hills in center, mountains in south
 
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Lamlam 406 m
 
Natural resources: fishing (largely undeveloped), tourism (especially from Japan)
 
Land use: arable land: 9.09%
permanent crops: 16.36%
other: 74.55% (2001)
 
Irrigated land: NA
 
Natural hazards: frequent squalls during rainy season; relatively rare, but potentially very destructive typhoons (June - December)
 
Environment - current issues: extirpation of native bird population by the rapid proliferation of the brown tree snake, an exotic, invasive species
 
Geography - note: largest and southernmost island in the Mariana Islands archipelago; strategic location in western North Pacific Ocean
 
People
Population: 168,564 (July 2005 est.)
 
Age structure: 0-14 years: 29.4% (male 25,645/female 23,887)
15-64 years: 64.1% (male 55,115/female 52,935)
65 years and over: 6.5% (male 5,157/female 5,825) (2005 est.)
 
Median age: total: 28.38 years
male: 28.16 years
female: 28.61 years (2005 est.)
 
Population growth rate: 1.46% (2005 est.)
 
Birth rate: 19.03 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)
 
Death rate: 4.41 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)
 
Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)
 
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female
total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2005 est.)
 
Infant mortality rate: total: 6.94 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 7.61 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 6.24 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)
 
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 78.4 years
male: 75.34 years
female: 81.64 years (2005 est.)
 
Total fertility rate: 2.6 children born/woman (2005 est.)
 
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA
 
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA
 
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
 
Nationality: noun: Guamanian(s)
adjective: Guamanian
 
Ethnic groups: Chamorro 37.1%, Filipino 26.3%, other Pacific islander 11.3%, white 6.9%, other Asian 6.3%, other ethnic origin or race 2.3%, mixed 9.8% (2000 census)
 
Religions: Roman Catholic 85%, other 15% (1999 est.)
 
Languages: English 38.3%, Chamorro 22.2%, Philippine languages 22.2%, other Pacific island languages 6.8%, Asian languages 7%, other languages 3.5% (2000 census)
 
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99%
male: 99%
female: 99% (1990 est.)
 
Government
Country name: conventional long form: Territory of Guam
conventional short form: Guam
local long form: Guahan
 
Government type: NA
 
Capital: Hagatna (Agana)
 
Administrative divisions: none (territory of the US)
 
Independence: none (territory of the US)
 
National holiday: Discovery Day, first Monday in March (1521)
 
Constitution: Organic Act of 1 August 1950
 
Legal system: modeled on US; US federal laws apply
 
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal; US citizens, but do not vote in US presidential elections
 
Executive branch: chief of state: President George W. BUSH of the US (since 20 January 2001); Vice President Richard B. CHENEY (since 20 January 2001)
head of government: Governor Felix P. P. CAMACHO (since 6 January 2003) and Lieutenant Governor Kaleo MOYLAN (since 6 January 2003)
cabinet: executive departments; heads appointed by the governor with the consent of the Guam legislature
elections: US president and vice president elected on the same ticket for a four-year term; governor and lieutenant governor elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year term; election last held 5 November 2002 (next to be held November 2006)
election results: Felix P. P. CAMACHO elected governor; percent of vote - Felix P. P. CAMACHO (Republican Party) 55.4%, Robert A. UNDERWOOD (Democratic Party) 44.6%
 
Legislative branch: unicameral Legislature (15 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve two-year terms)
elections: last held 2 November 2004 (next to be held November 2006)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - Democratic Party 6, Republican Party 9
note: Guam elects one nonvoting delegate to the US House of Representatives; election last held 2 November 2004 (next to be held November 2006); results - Madeleine BORDALLO (Democratic Party) was elected as delegate; percent of vote by party - Democratic Party 64.6%, Republican Party 35.4%; seats by party - Democratic Party 1
 
Judicial branch: Federal District Court (judge is appointed by the president); Territorial Superior Court (judges appointed for eight-year terms by the governor)
 
Political parties and leaders: Democratic Party [leader Michael PHILLIPS]; Republican Party (controls the legislature) [leader Philip J. FLORES]
 
Political pressure groups and leaders: NA
 
International organization participation: Interpol (subbureau), IOC, UPU
 
Flag description: territorial flag is dark blue with a narrow red border on all four sides; centered is a red-bordered, pointed, vertical ellipse containing a beach scene, outrigger canoe with sail, and a palm tree with the word GUAM superimposed in bold red letters; US flag is the national flag
 
Economy
Economy - overview: The economy depends on US military spending, tourism, and the export of fish and handicrafts. Total US grants, wage payments, and procurement outlays amounted to $1 billion in 1998. Over the past 20 years, the tourist industry has grown rapidly, creating a construction boom for new hotels and the expansion of older ones. More than 1 million tourists visit Guam each year. The industry had recently suffered setbacks because of the continuing Japanese slowdown; the Japanese normally make up almost 90% of the tourists. Most food and industrial goods are imported. Guam faces the problem of building up the civilian economic sector to offset the impact of military downsizing.
 
GDP: purchasing power parity - $3.2 billion (2000 est.)
 
GDP - real growth rate: NA
 
GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $21,000 (2000 est.)
 
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 7%
industry: 15%
services: 78% (2002 est.)
 
Labor force: 60,000 (2000 est.)
 
Labor force - by occupation: private 74% (industry 10%, trade 24%, other services 40%), federal and territorial government 26% (2000 est.)
 
Unemployment rate: 15% (2000 est.)
 
Population below poverty line: 23% (2001 est.)
 
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA
highest 10%: NA
 
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 0% (1999 est.)
 
Budget: revenues: $340 million
expenditures: $445 million, including capital expenditures of NA (2000 est.)
 
Agriculture - products: fruits, copra, vegetables; eggs, pork, poultry, beef
 
Industries: US military, tourism, construction, transshipment services, concrete products, printing and publishing, food processing, textiles
 
Industrial production growth rate: NA
 
Electricity - production: 835 million kWh (2002)
 
Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
hydro: 0%
nuclear: 0%
other: 0% (2001)
 
Electricity - consumption: 776.6 million kWh (2002)
 
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2002)
 
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2002)
 
Oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2001 est.)
 
Oil - consumption: 20,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)
 
Oil - exports: NA
 
Oil - imports: NA
 
Exports: $38 million f.o.b. (2002 est.)
 
Exports - commodities: mostly transshipments of refined petroleum products; construction materials, fish, food and beverage products
 
Exports - partners: Japan 55.4%, South Korea 27.3%, Singapore 7.1% (2004)
 
Imports: $462 million f.o.b. (2002 est.)
 
Imports - commodities: petroleum and petroleum products, food, manufactured goods
 
Imports - partners: Singapore 43%, Japan 20.6%, South Korea 16%, Hong Kong 9.8% (2004)
 
Debt - external: NA
 
Currency (code): US dollar (USD)
 
Currency code: USD
 
Exchange rates: the US dollar is used
 
Fiscal year: 1 October - 30 September
 
Communications
Telephones - main lines in use: 84,134 (2001)
 
Telephones - mobile cellular: 32,600 (2001)
 
Telephone system: general assessment: modern system, integrated with US facilities for direct dialing, including free use of 800 numbers
domestic: modern digital system, including cellular mobile service and local access to the Internet
international: country code - 1-671; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean); submarine cables to US and Japan (Guam is a trans-Pacific communications hub for MCI, Sprint, AT&T, IT&E, and GTE, linking the US and Asia)
 
Radio broadcast stations: AM 4, FM 7, shortwave 2 (2003)
 
Radios: 221,000 (1997)
 
Television broadcast stations: 5 (1997)
 
Televisions: 106,000 (1997)
 
Internet country code: .gu
 
Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 20 (2000)
 
Internet users: 50,000 (2002)
 
Transportation
Highways: total: 977 km
paved: 962 km
unpaved: 15 km (2004)
 
Ports and harbors: Apra Harbor
 
Airports: 5 (2004 est.)
 
Airports - with paved runways: total: 4
over 3,047 m: 2
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2004 est.)
 
Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 1
under 914 m: 1 (2004 est.)
 
Military
Military note: defense is the responsibility of the US
 
Transnational Issues
Disputes - international: none
 

 

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